Location One: Close to a point
Perhaps an object is not touching another one, but you want to express that it is very close to another object. In this case, use the following prepositions: near, by, next to, between, among, opposite.
Near, by: close to
- My house is near the local market.
- My residence hall is very close to my school.
Between: in the middle of two things
- My school is between an art studio and a burger hut.
Next to: Directly located near another thing
- My school is next to an art gallery.
- The art gallery is next to a market.
Among: surrounded by other things
- At my school, you will find yourself among students from many other countries.
- I am not nervous speaking in my class because I know that I am among friends.
Opposite: directly opposed to another thing
- My school is opposite a bank.
- My residence hall is opposite a park and amphitheater.
Location Two: Higher than a point
If the object you are speaking of is higher than another thing, use over and above.
Over: extending directly upward from; directly on top of without touching
- I fell over my own feet!
- The dog jumped over the small fence.
Above: in extended space over and not touching
- The chandelier is above the table.
- The picture is above the fireplace.
Lesson Three: Lower than a point
When speaking about something which is lower than other things, use these prepositions: under, underneath, beneath, below.
- The child is hiding under the table.
- The cat is also underneath the table.
- Beneath the child and the cat is a rug.
- Below the rug is the paper I have been looking for!